Grammatical units of English.
English grammar terms relates to the English language. Some terms here may have additional or extended meanings when applied to other languages. For example, “case” in some languages applies to pronouns and nouns. In English, nouns do not have case and therefore no reference to nouns is made in its definition here.
|one of two voices in English; a direct form of expression where the subject performs or “acts” the verb; see also passive voice eg: “Many people eat rice”
|part of speech that typically describes or “modifies” a noun eg: “It was a big dog.”
|seldom-used term for relative clause
|word or phrase that adds information to a sentence and that can be removed from the sentence without making the sentence ungrammatical eg: I met John at school.
|word that modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb
eg: quickly, really, very
(also called “helping verb”)
|verb used with the main verb to help indicate something such as tense or voice
eg: I do not like you. She has finished. He can swim.
|saying what someone said by using their exact words; see also indirect speech
eg: “Lucy said: ‘I am tired.'”
|noun phrase in a sentence that directly receives the action of the verb; see also indirect object
eg: “Joey bought the car“, “I like it“, “Can you see the man wearing a pink shirt and waving a gun in the air?”
|adverb that can modify the intensity or grade of a gradable adjective
eg: quite hot, very tall
|noun phrase representing the person or thing indirectly affected by the action of the verb; see also direct object
eg: “She showed me her book collection”, “Joey bought his wife a new car”
|another term for embedded question
|pronoun that asks a question.
eg: who, whom, which
|verb that does not take a direct object; see also transitive verb
e.g. “He is working hard”, “Where do you live?”
|another term for main verb
|verbs that connect the subject to more information (but do not indicate action), such as “be” or “seem”
|another term for independent clause
|change of word form indicating one person or thing (singular) or more than one person or thing (plural)
eg: one dog/three dogs, she/they
|thing or person affected by the verb; see also direct object and indirect object
eg: “The boy kicked the ball“, “We chose the house with the red door“
|case form of a pronoun indicating an object
eg: “John married her“, “I gave it to him“
|part of speech
|one of the classes into which words are divided according to their function in a sentence
|grammatically correct placement of a word form in a phrase or sentence in relation to other word forms
eg: “The correct position for an article is at the beginning of the noun phrase that it describes”
|part of speech that typically comes before a noun phrase and shows some type of relationship between that noun phrase and another element (including relationships of time, location, purpose etc)
eg: “We sleep at night”, “I live in London”, “This is for digging”
|multi-word verb that is formed with verb + preposition
eg: believe in, look after