Explain various parts of speech with your own examples

Parts of Speech

In grammar, a part of speech (also a word class, a lexical class, or a lexical category) is a linguistic category of words (or more precisely lexical items), which is generally defined by the syntactic or morphological behavior of the lexical item in question. Common linguistic categories include noun and verb, among others. There are open word classes, which constantly acquire new members, and closed word classes, which acquire new members infrequently if at all.

 

A words have been traditionally classified into eight lexical categories, or parts of speech (and are still done so in most dictionaries):

  • Noun: any abstract or concrete entity
  • Pronoun: any substitute for a noun or noun phrase
  • Adjective: any qualifier of a noun
  • Verb: any action or state of being
  • Adverb: any qualifier of an adjective, verb, or other adverb
  • Preposition: any establisher of relation and syntactic context
  • Conjunction: any syntactic connector
  • Interjection: any emotional greeting (or “exclamation”)

 

Parts of Speech Table

This is a summary of the 8 parts of speech*.

 

part of speech function or “job” example words example sentences
Verb action or state (to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, must EnglishClub.com is a web site. I like EnglishClub.com.
Noun thing or person pen, dog, work, music, town,London, teacher, John This is my dog. He lives in my house. We live in London.
Adjective describes a noun a/an, the, 69, some, good, big, red, well, interesting My dog is big. I like big dogs.
Adverb describes a verb, adjective or adverb quickly, silently, well, badly, very, really My dog eats quickly. When he is very hungry, he eats really quickly.
Pronoun replaces a noun I, you, he, she, some Tarais Indian. She is beautiful.
Preposition links a noun to another word to, at, after, on, but We went to school on Monday.
Conjunction joins clauses or sentences or words and, but, when I like dogs and I like cats. I like cats and dogs. I like dogs but I don’t like cats.
Interjection short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence oh!, ouch!, hi!, well Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don’t know

 

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