Newsroom automation system is a modern day computer based system designed for easy and speedy news presentation. It is an extremely efficient system, helps the workflow from the news editorial process to live on air production. It offers convenience at every stage of the newscast preparation process and news delivery workflow. News scripts typed on a computer are available to all the newsroom staff, i.e. producers, reporters, editors, chief editor, anchors, right on their desktops. News staff can monitor incoming feeds, perform functions like investing, sorting, displaying wire services, loading, playing of news, video clips, retrieval of store images, and the controlling robotic cameras. Final scripts are available to the teleprompters of cameras to newsreaders/anchors. It greatly improves productivity and efficiency.
The television news coverage is different from covering the news events for radio and press.
Being a visual media almost every TV Reporter leaves the newsroom for news coverage with the camera personal crew who will make sure pictures are taken and sound is recorded. Every Reporter, of course carriers a note pad and pen, for jotting down important facts while covering a story. Such notes make it easier to write a script under deadline pressure in the field or back in the newsroom.
If used properly, television has the potential of bringing about political, economic and socio-cultural change. It can educate most powerfully through its audio-visual capacity. The mimic make the linguistic barrier obsolete. For making this useful, there is a great need for a survey of all the target viewers to know their strength and weaknesses, to learn their needs and prepare programmes accordingly. Unfortunately, this has not yet been done. As such, the potential of television as a medium has remained utilized.
Evaluate the policy of Government of Pakistan about the licensing of private channels in the country, with special reference to PEMRA.
Major Players of Satellites Communication A communications satellite is an artificial satellite stationed in space for the purposes of telecommunications. Modern communications satellites use geosynchronous orbits, Molniya orbits or low Earth orbits. Geostationary orbits The geostationary orbit is useful for communications applications because ground based antennae, which must be directed toward the satellite, can operate effectively without the need for expensive equipment to track the satellite’s motion. Especially for applications that require a large number of ground antennae (such as direct TV distribution), the savings in ground equipment can more than justify the extra cost and onboard complexity of lifting a satellite into the relatively high geostationary orbit. The first geostationary communications satellite was Anik 1, a Canadian satellite launched in 1972. The United States launched their own geostationary communication satellites afterward, with Western Union launching their Westar 1 satellite in 1974, and RCA Americom (later GE Americom, now SES […]
As with other new technologies, Western countries were the first to grasp the strategic implications of radio communication after the first radio transmissions of the human voice in 1902. Unlike cable, radio equipment was comparatively cheap and could be sold on a mass scale. There was also a growing awareness among American businesses that radio, if properly developed and controlled, might be used to undercut the huge advantages of British-dominated international cable links (Luther, 1988). They realized that, while undersea cables and their landing terminals could be vulnerable, and their location required bilateral negotiations between nations, radio waves could travel anywhere, unrestrained by politics or geography. At the 1906 international radiotelegraph conference in Berlin, 28 states debated radio equipment standards and procedures to minimize interference. The great naval powers, who were also the major users of radio (Britain, Germany, France, the USA and Russia), had imposed a regime of radio […]
Television is the audio-visual media of communication. It offers a window to the outside world. Among all the mass media, television attracts the largest number of viewers. It is the most popular and has the greatest potential. This is because it is able to attract the audience of all age groups, literate and illiterate and of all the levels of the society. Television has been given considerable importance in many countries as a source and a tool of teaching. Television is adaptable and can follow different approaches when used in the different educational situations. The medium is used for formal, non-formal and informal education. To support formal education, television usually function as supportive and reinforcement tool. Generally television can help to achieve the following objectives: 1. Social quality in education 2. Enhance quality in education 3. Reduce dependency on verbal teaching and teachers 4. Provide flexibility of time and space […]