Television news differs from newspaper in contests, arrangement, style and delivery. The receiver of the information is different also, although in many cases the television news viewers are also a daily newspaper reader. He is different because the medium of television requires different degrees of attention and participation than does the medium of print.
Features of the TV News:
The viewer sits passively. He does not come to the news as he would be turning the pages of the evening paper. The news comes to him. It follows him around the room, if he gets up from his chair. It follows him into the kitchen when he goes for a snack until he is out of ear shot. While he watches the tube, his sense of sight is captured, so his imagination is not cold called forth. However, television news does not demand the viewer’s full attention. His mind may wander.
What this means is that the television news writer has a more elusive target at which to aim his information than does the newspaper writer.
Sources of TV News:
In theory, television news departments and newspaper editorial departments have identical sources of news gathering. In practice, it does not quite work out this way. One reason for this is that the two media differ in the kind and degree of news they use.
Television is primarily a visual medium and it is virtually the only medium which is able to show action, the sources of news must include the sources of news film and videotape. Many news programmes are prepared each day around film and videotape. The main sources of TV news are as under:
1. News agencies
2. Monitoring reports
3. Foreign office spokesman
5. On camera crew
8. Own film library
10. Scheduled events
11. Public relations representatives
13. Colourful characters
Requirements and Techniques:
The television news coverage is different from covering the news events for radio and press.
Being a visual media almost every TV Reporter leaves the newsroom for news coverage with the camera personal crew who will make sure pictures are taken and sound is recorded. Every Reporter, of course carriers a note pad and pen, for jotting down important facts while covering a story. Such notes make it easier to write a script under deadline pressure in the field or back in the newsroom. It is important to write the correct spelling a newsmaker’s name and his title, because this information probably will be displayed on the screen when your story airs.
Also carry an audio tape recorder. Use it to record people interviewed in the field. The quality of the recording is not important because it will not be played back on the air. By using the audio tape along with your written notes, you can being organizing your on-air report before you come back to the station. If you have time, you will want to see the tape that was shot in the field before you starting writing. That audiotape can help you decide quickly what should bites to use and the length of the sound cut.
Observation is especially useful tool on initially assignments in the field. In addition to observing the facts of a story, watch how more experienced reporters are covering the event: Who are they interviewing? What are they photographing? Where are they doing portions of their narration on camera? You will learn from the choices and decisions they make as you try to gain confidence in covering a wide range of story assignments.
The TV Reporter while reporting the news assignments must strive to be accurate, fast, complete, comprehensive and vivid as you work under deadline, pressure and perhaps shift through conflicting or incomplete information.
For TV coverage, it is especially important that you arrive at a news point early. Camera positions may be at a premium for late comers. Try to sit in plain sight of your camera operator. You will not want to shoot everything so the camera operator has to know when to start and stop. If an advance text of a statement is available, you might underline the portions that interest you as a guide to the camera operator.
Those who call a news conference may provide a plug-in point to a house public address system. But most often do will set up your own microphone. Check the audio system in advance to make sure voice level and technical quality is good.
Try to find out in advance what kind of lighting problems you can expect. Electronic cameras must be adjusted for colour balance before the news conference. This involves aiming the camera at some white object and pushing the white balance control.
Requirements and Techniques of Television News coverage