Research , Importance of Research, Aims and Motives

Why Research? Importance of Research. Aims and Motives of social research. What Is Research? Research comprises “creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of humans, culture and society, and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications.” It is used to establish or confirm facts, reaffirm the results of previous work, solve new or existing problems, support theorems, or develop new theories. A research project may also be an expansion on past work in the field. To test the validity of instruments, procedures, or experiments, research may replicate elements of prior projects, or the project as a whole. The primary purposes of basic research (as opposed to applied research) are documentation, discovery, interpretation, or the research and development (R&D) of methods and systems for the advancement of human knowledge. Approaches to research depend on epistemologies, which vary considerably both within and between humanities and sciences. There are several forms of […]

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Mass Media Research By WIMMER & DOMINICK

MASS MEDIA RESEARCH

Mass Media Research By ROGER D. WIMMER & JOSEPH R. DOMINICK 9th Edition Part One The Research Process Chapter 1 Science and Research 1 Chapter 2 Elements of Research 42 Chapter 3 Research Ethics 64 Chapter 4 Sampling 86 Part Two Research Approaches Chapter 5 Qualitative Research Methods 114 Chapter 6 Content Analysis 155 Chapter 7 Survey Research 184 Chapter 8 Longitudinal Research 218 Chapter 9 Experimental Research 238 Part Three Data Analysis Chapter 10 Introduction to Statistics 266 Chapter 11 Hypothesis Testing 289 Chapter 12 Basic Statistical Procedures 304 Part Four Research Applications Chapter 13 Newspaper and Magazine Research 332 Chapter 14 Research in the Electronic Media 350 Chapter 15 Research in Advertising 380 Chapter 16 Research in Public Relations 405 Preface: Things change constantly in all areas of life, and it is sometimes difficult to keep up with all the changes. In every edition of this text, we […]

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Communication Research By National Open University of Nigeria

communication-research-by-national-open-university-of-nigeria

Communication Research By National Open University of Nigeria in pdf format www.nou.edu.ng Module 1 Introduction Unit 1 The Meaning of Research and the Scientific Method Unit 2 Application of the Scientific Principles to Social Research Unit 3 Characteristics of and the Development of Mass Media Research Unit 4 Classification of Research Module 2 The Elements of Research Unit 1 Concepts, Constructs, Hypotheses/Research Questions and Instrumentation. Unit 2 Variables Unit 3 Measurement, Scales and Indexes Module 3 Major Communication Research Methods Unit 1 Experimental Research Unit 2 Survey Research Unit 3 Content Analysis Unit 4 Case study Unit 5 Observational Research Module 4 Sampling Unit 1 Meaning and Types of Sampling Unit 2 Population and Sample Unit 3 Sample Size and Sampling Error Module 5 The Research Procedure Unit 1 The Research Proposal Unit 2 Data Analysis in Communication Research Unit 3 Documentation in Communication Research Module 6 Areas of Mass […]

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Theory and Research in Mass Communication: Contexts and Consequences

Theory and Research in Mass Communication: Contexts and Consequences By David K. Perry Second Edition Citizens, policymakers, and communication practitioners who are concerned about mass communication issues otfutrenn t o the academic community for answers. Their questions often involve such things as whether, to what extent, or why media violence or sex contributote asn tisocial or criminal behavior among audiences. The answers often are not as simple or consistent as they might like. As one scholar put it: only after much research has been completed does a statement come tboe viewed int he scholarly community as tru-ea status very few communication theories are ever likely to reach. Even then, the truth value is to be found more in the degree of agreement among scholars, an intersubjective criterion, than in any ultimate reality. (Chaffee, 1991, p. 11) Definitions of truth as scholarly consensus are often found in modem literatures of the history […]

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THE INSTITUTE FOR PROPAGANDA ANALYSIS

MODERN PROPAGANDA THEORY

Should the power of propaganda be used for democratic ends (the Lasswell/Lippmann view), or because propaganda, by its very existence, was antidemocratic, was education the best way to deal with it (the Dewey view)? The disagreement over the proper place of propaganda in a democracy was no theoretical exercise. Social scientists believed the fate of the country, the world in fact, rested on its outcome. In 1937, the threat of external propaganda was so great that a group of social scientists, journalists, and educators founded the Institute for Propaganda Analysis with the goal of orchestrating a nationwide educational effort to combat its effects. During the four years of its existence, the institute was quite productive, generating numerous pamphlets, books, and articles explaining how propaganda works (read more about propaganda techniques in the box entitled “Applying the Seven Propaganda Techniques”). The institute was successful in developing an antipropaganda curriculum adopted by […]

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